A selection of diagnostic methods can be used in an attempt to make a diagnosis of anasarca. These tests and other measures are to be administrated by a doctor or medical professional who knows how to perform them and interpret the results. Below is some basic information on different types of tests and methods that are used in some circumstances. These may be related to either anasarca or localized swelling, or potentially both.
Albumin blood test
- Low levels of albumin can lead to swelling. This test can see whether there is hypoalbuminemia, or insufficient albumin blood levels. Serum albumin is the most common plasma protein in the human body, and it is used in different functions such as maintaining osmotic pressure (required for proper body fluid distribution), and by being used as a plasma carrier.
Echocardiogram and electrocardiogram
- Both tests of the heart, the echocardiogram is a sonogram (ultrasound-based), while the electrocardiogram interprets heart electrical activity over a period of time. The echocardiogram can be known as cardiac ECHO or cardiac ultrasound, while the electrocardiogram often goes by the abbreviated forms of ECG or EKG.
Kidney and liver function tests
- These two test the function of their respective organs. For the kidney, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) or creatinine clearance rate (CCR) are two tests that measure different aspects of renal function. Several of the common liver function tests, including liver enzymes, are alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), direct bilirubin, and total bilirubin (TBIL).
, shortened as a simple UA, is a term to describe a collection of tests that are administered on the patient's urine. Some urinalysis can use dipsticks, and in such cases the results are seen as the color on the stick changes. Tests performed using urinalysis can include those such as the following examples: pH (acidity), ketone bodies (generally absent, or "negative"), proteins (likewise), hyperthyroidism, and jaundice, as well as others.
This is not intended to be a complete list of diagnostic tests, however, some other items which can be used in certain cases for an attempted anasarca or other swelling diagnosis include a blood electrolyte level test, and X-rays of the individual.
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